Hi!

I’ve noticed that non_parametric_inference from nilearn outputs negative log10 p-values.

Can you please point me to some reading about why should we use neg log instead of just p-values?

And for significance threshold definition I found the following in the nilearn tutrial:

Since we are plotting negative log p-values and using a threshold equal to 1, it corresponds to corrected p-values lower than 10%, meaning that there is less than 10% probability to make a single false discovery (90% chance that we make no false discovery at all).

So if we want alpha = 0.05, should we use a threshold equal to 0.5 (which corresponds to less than 5% probability to make a single false positive discovery)?

Thanks a lot!