What is the best current science we have on how the brain acquires knowledge?

In other words, if I see a person walking along a path and they all of a sudden fall, I learn that there’s a hole there.

I know that knowledge goes into memory, gets consolidated, etc.

I’m more curious about the nature of the knowledge itself. Do we know how the brain takes the visual input, draws meaning from it, and what the medium of that meaning is as it gets stored in memory?

In other words, the chemistry or electro-chemistry of meaning? Do we have any good science on that?

Thanks in advance for any thoughts you may have! :slight_smile:

You might find these articles helpful:

Wertheim and Ragni, 2020: The Neurocognitive Correlates of Human Reasoning: A Meta-analysis of Conditional and Syllogistic Inferences

Heit, 2015: Brain imaging, forward inference, and theories of reasoning

Wang et al., 2020: Deductive-reasoning brain networks: A coordinate-based meta-analysis of the neural signatures in deductive reasoning


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Thanks very much! :slight_smile: